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Year 3

Year 3 Level Description

The Year 3 curriculum introduces students to democracy in the context of the familiar and personal. It explores an understanding of democracy as rule by the people through learning about decision making within communities. Students consider the purpose of creating rules for groups and how individuals participate in their community.

The civics and citizenship content at this year level involves...

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The Year 3 curriculum introduces students to democracy in the context of the familiar and personal. It explores an understanding of democracy as rule by the people through learning about decision making within communities. Students consider the purpose of creating rules for groups and how individuals participate in their community.

The civics and citizenship content at this year level involves two strands: Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding, and Civics and Citizenship Skills. These strands are interrelated and should be taught in an integrated way; they may be integrated across learning areas and in ways that are appropriate to specific local contexts. The order and detail in which they are taught are programming decisions.

Key questions

A framework for developing students’ civics and citizenship knowledge, understanding and skills at this year level is provided by the following key questions:

  • How are decisions made democratically?
  • Why do we make rules?
  • How can I participate in my community?

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Year 3 Content Descriptions

Civics and Citizenship Skills

Year 3 Achievement Standard

By the end of Year 3, students explain how decisions can be made democratically. They recognise the importance of rules. They describe how people participate in their community as active citizens.

Students pose questions about the society in which they live. They share their views on an issue. They present their ideas and opinions using civics and citizenship terms.

 

Year 4

Year 4 Level Description

The Year 4 curriculum introduces students to the purpose of local government and the services it provides to their community. They examine how rules and laws affect them and the importance of laws in society. Students explore cultural diversity, and in particular how belonging to different groups can shape personal identity.

The civics and citizenship content at this year level involves two...

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The Year 4 curriculum introduces students to the purpose of local government and the services it provides to their community. They examine how rules and laws affect them and the importance of laws in society. Students explore cultural diversity, and in particular how belonging to different groups can shape personal identity.

The civics and citizenship content at this year level involves two strands: Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding, and Civics and Citizenship Skills. These strands are interrelated and should be taught in an integrated way; they may be integrated across learning areas and in ways that are appropriate to specific local contexts. The order and detail in which they are taught are programming decisions.

Key questions

A framework for developing students’ civics and citizenship knowledge, understanding and skills at this year level is provided by the following key questions:

  • How can local government contribute to community life?
  • What is the difference between rules and laws and why are they important?
  • How has my identity been shaped by the groups to which I belong?

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Year 4 Content Descriptions

Civics and Citizenship Skills

Year 4 Achievement Standard

By the end of Year 4, students explain the role of local government and distinguish between rules and laws. They describe factors that shape a person’s identity and sense of belonging.

Students pose questions about the society in which they live and use information to answer them. They suggest solutions to an identified issue. They develop and present their ideas and opinions on an issue using civics and citizenship terms.

 

Year 5

Year 5 Level Description

The Year 5 curriculum introduces students to the key values of Australia’s liberal democratic system of government, such as freedom, equality, fairness and justice. Students learn about representative democracy and voting processes in Australia. Students expand on their knowledge of the law by studying how laws impact on the lives of citizens. Students investigate the role of groups in...

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The Year 5 curriculum introduces students to the key values of Australia’s liberal democratic system of government, such as freedom, equality, fairness and justice. Students learn about representative democracy and voting processes in Australia. Students expand on their knowledge of the law by studying how laws impact on the lives of citizens. Students investigate the role of groups in our community.

The civics and citizenship content at this year level involves two strands: Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding, and Civics and Citizenship Skills. These strands are interrelated and should be taught in an integrated way; they may be integrated across learning areas and in ways that are appropriate to specific local contexts. The order and detail in which they are taught are programming decisions.

Key questions

A framework for developing students’ civics and citizenship knowledge, understanding and skills at this year level is provided by the following key questions:

  • What is democracy in Australia and why is voting in a democracy important?
  • How do laws affect the lives of citizens?
  • How and why do people participate in groups to achieve shared goals?

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Year 5 Content Descriptions

Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding
Laws and citizens

How laws affect the lives of citizens, including experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (ACHCK025)

The roles and responsibilities of key personnel in law enforcement and in the legal system (ACHCK026)

Civics and Citizenship Skills
Problem solving and decision making

Interact with others with respect, identify different points of view and share personal perspectives and opinions (ACHCS031)

Work in groups to identify issues and develop possible solutions and a plan for action using decision making processes (ACHCS032)

Year 5 Achievement Standard

By the end of Year 5, students identify the values that underpin Australia’s democracy and explain the importance of the electoral process. They describe the role of different people in Australia’s legal system. They identify various ways people can participate effectively in groups to achieve shared goals.

Students develop questions and use information from different sources to investigate the society in which they live. They identify possible solutions to an issue as part of a plan for action. Students develop and present civics and citizenship ideas and viewpoints, using civics and citizenship terms and concepts.

 

Year 6

Year 6 Level Description

The Year 6 curriculum provides a study of the key institutions of Australia’s democratic government, including state/territory and federal parliaments, and the court system. Students learn how state/territory and federal laws are made in a parliamentary system. Students examine Australian citizenship and reflect on the rights and responsibilities that being a citizen entails. They explore...

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The Year 6 curriculum provides a study of the key institutions of Australia’s democratic government, including state/territory and federal parliaments, and the court system. Students learn how state/territory and federal laws are made in a parliamentary system. Students examine Australian citizenship and reflect on the rights and responsibilities that being a citizen entails. They explore the obligations that people may have as global citizens.

The civics and citizenship content at this year level involves two strands: Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding, and Civics and Citizenship Skills. These strands are interrelated and should be taught in an integrated way; they may be integrated across learning areas and in ways that are appropriate to specific local contexts. The order and detail in which they are taught are programming decisions.

Key questions

A framework for developing students’ civics and citizenship knowledge, understanding and skills at this year level is provided by the following key questions:

  • What are the roles and responsibilities of the different levels of government in Australia?
  • How are laws developed in Australia?
  • What does it mean to be an Australian citizen?

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Year 6 Content Descriptions

Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding
Government and democracy

The key institutions of Australia’s democratic system of government based on the Westminster system, including the monarchy, parliaments, and courts (ACHCK035)

The roles and responsibilities of the three levels of government, including shared roles and responsibilities within Australia’s federal system (ACHCK036)

Laws and citizens
Civics and Citizenship Skills
Problem solving and decision making

Interact with others with respect, identify different points of view and share personal perspectives and opinions (ACHCS043)

Work in groups to identify issues and develop possible solutions and a plan for action using decision making processes (ACHCS044)

Year 6 Achievement Standard

By the end of Year 6, students explain the purpose of key institutions and levels of government in Australia’s democracy. They describe the role of parliaments in creating law. Students explain what it means to be an Australian citizen and how people can participate as global citizens.

When researching, students develop questions and gather and analyse information from different sources to investigate the society in which they live. When planning for action, they identify different points of view and solutions to an issue. Students develop and present their ideas and viewpoints using appropriate texts and civics and citizenship terms and concepts. They identify the ways they can participate as citizens in the school.

 

Year 7

Year 7 Level Description

The Year 7 curriculum provides a study of the key features of Australia’s system of government and explores how this system aims to protect all Australians. Students examine the Australian Constitution and how its features, principles and values shape Australia’s democracy. They look at how the rights of individuals are protected through the justice system. Students also explore...

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The Year 7 curriculum provides a study of the key features of Australia’s system of government and explores how this system aims to protect all Australians. Students examine the Australian Constitution and how its features, principles and values shape Australia’s democracy. They look at how the rights of individuals are protected through the justice system. Students also explore how Australia’s secular system of government supports a diverse society with shared values.

The civics and citizenship content at this year level involves two strands: Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding, and Civics and Citizenship Skills. These strands are interrelated and should be taught in an integrated way; they may be integrated across learning areas and in ways that are appropriate to specific local contexts. The order and detail in which they are taught are programming decisions.

Key questions

A framework for developing students’ civics and citizenship knowledge, understanding and skills at this year level is provided by the following key questions:

  • How is Australia’s system of democratic government shaped by the Constitution?
  • What principles of justice help to protect the individual’s rights to justice in Australia’s system of law?
  • How is Australia a diverse society and what factors contribute to a cohesive society?

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Year 7 Content Descriptions

Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding
Laws and citizens

How Australia’s legal system aims to provide justice, including through the rule of law, presumption of innocence, burden of proof, right to a fair trial and right to legal representation (ACHCK050)

Civics and Citizenship Skills
Analysis, synthesis and interpretation

Critically analyse information and ideas from a range of sources in relation to civics and citizenship topics and issues (ACHCS056)

Year 7 Achievement Standard

By the end of Year 7, students explain features of Australia’s system of government, and the purpose of the Constitution in Australia’s representative democracy. They explain how Australia’s legal system is based on the principle of justice. Students identify the importance of shared values, and explain the diverse nature of Australian society.

When researching, students develop a range of questions and gather and analyse information from different sources to investigate Australia’s political and legal systems. They consider different points of view on civics and citizenship issues. When planning for action, students take into account multiple perspectives to develop solutions to an issue. Students develop and present arguments on civics and citizenship issues using appropriate texts, terms and concepts. They identify ways they can be active and informed citizens.

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Year 8

Year 8 Level Description

The Year 8 curriculum provides a study of the responsibilities and freedoms of citizens and how Australians can actively participate in their democracy. Students consider how laws are made and the types of laws used in Australia. Students also examine what it means to be Australian by identifying the reasons for and influences that shape national identity.

The civics and citizenship content...

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The Year 8 curriculum provides a study of the responsibilities and freedoms of citizens and how Australians can actively participate in their democracy. Students consider how laws are made and the types of laws used in Australia. Students also examine what it means to be Australian by identifying the reasons for and influences that shape national identity.

The civics and citizenship content at this year level involves two strands: Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding, and Civics and Citizenship Skills. These strands are interrelated and should be taught in an integrated way; they may be integrated across learning areas and in ways that are appropriate to specific local contexts. The order and detail in which they are taught are programming decisions.

Key questions

A framework for developing students’ civics and citizenship knowledge, understanding and skills at this year level is provided by the following key questions:

  • What are the freedoms and responsibilities of citizens in Australia’s democracy?
  • How are laws made and applied in Australia?
  • What different perspectives are there about national identity?

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Year 8 Content Descriptions

Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding
Government and democracy

The freedoms that enable active participation in Australia’s democracy within the bounds of law, including freedom of speech, association, assembly, religion and movement (ACHCK061)

How citizens can participate in Australia’s democracy, including use of the electoral system, contact with their elected representatives, use of lobby groups, and direct action (ACHCK062)

Laws and citizens

The types of law in Australia, including criminal law and civil law, and the place of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander customary law (ACHCK064)

Civics and Citizenship Skills
Analysis, synthesis and interpretation

Critically analyse information and ideas from a range of sources in relation to civics and citizenship topics and issues (ACHCS070)

Year 8 Achievement Standard

By the end of Year 8, students analyse features of Australian democracy, and explain features of Australia’s democracy that enable active participation. They recognise different types of law in Australia and explain how laws are made. They analyse issues about national identity in Australia and the factors that contribute to people’s sense of belonging.

When researching, students develop a range of questions to investigate Australia’s political and legal systems and critically analyse information gathered from different sources for relevance. They explain different points of view on civics and citizenship issues. When planning for action, students take into account multiple perspectives, use democratic processes, and develop solutions to an issue. Students develop and present reasoned arguments on civics and citizenship issues using appropriate texts, subject-specific language and concepts. They identify ways they can be active and informed citizens in different contexts.

 

Year 9

Year 9 Level Description

The Year 9 curriculum builds students’ understanding of Australia’s political system and how it enables change. Students examine the ways political parties, interest groups, media and individuals influence government and decision making processes. They investigate the features and principles of Australia’s court system, including its role in applying and interpreting Australian...

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The Year 9 curriculum builds students’ understanding of Australia’s political system and how it enables change. Students examine the ways political parties, interest groups, media and individuals influence government and decision making processes. They investigate the features and principles of Australia’s court system, including its role in applying and interpreting Australian law. Students also examine global connectedness and how this is shaping contemporary Australian society.

The civics and citizenship content at this year level involves two strands: Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding, and Civics and Citizenship Skills. These strands are interrelated and should be taught in an integrated way; they may be integrated across learning areas and in ways that are appropriate to specific local contexts. The order and detail in which they are taught are programming decisions.

Key questions

A framework for developing students’ civics and citizenship knowledge, understanding and skills at this year level is provided by the following key questions:

  • What influences shape the operation of Australia's political system?
  • How does Australia's court system work in support of a democratic and just society?
  • How do citizens participate in an interconnected world?

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Year 9 Content Descriptions

Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding
Government and democracy

The role of political parties and independent representatives in Australia’s system of government, including the formation of governments (ACHCK075)

Laws and citizens

The key features of Australia’s court system, including jurisdictions and how courts apply and interpret the law, resolve disputes, and make law through judgments (ACHCK077)

The key principles of Australia’s justice system, including equality before the law, independent judiciary, and right of appeal (ACHCK078)

Civics and Citizenship Skills
Questioning and research

Identify, gather and sort information and ideas from a range of sources and reference as appropriate (ACHCS083)

Year 9 Achievement Standard

By the end of Year 9, students evaluate features of Australia’s political system, and identify and analyse the influences on people’s electoral choices. They explain the key principles of Australia’s system of justice and analyse the role of Australia’s court system. They analyse a range of factors that influence identities and attitudes to diversity.

When researching, students analyse a range of questions to investigate Australia’s political and legal systems and critically analyse information gathered from different sources for relevance and reliability. They compare and account for different interpretations and points of view on civics and citizenship issues. When planning for action, students take into account multiple perspectives, use democratic processes, and negotiate solutions to an issue. Students develop and present evidence-based arguments on civics and citizenship issues using appropriate texts, subject-specific language and concepts. They analyse ways they can be active and informed citizens in different contexts.

 

Year 10

Year 10 Level Description

The Year 10 curriculum develops student understanding of Australia’s system of government through comparison with another system of government in the Asian region. Students examine Australia’s roles and responsibilities within the international context, such as its involvement with the United Nations. Students also study the purpose and work of the High Court. They investigate the...

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The Year 10 curriculum develops student understanding of Australia’s system of government through comparison with another system of government in the Asian region. Students examine Australia’s roles and responsibilities within the international context, such as its involvement with the United Nations. Students also study the purpose and work of the High Court. They investigate the values and practices that enable a democratic society to be sustained.

The civics and citizenship content at this year level involves two strands: Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding, and Civics and Citizenship Skills. These strands are interrelated and should be taught in an integrated way; they may be integrated across learning areas and in ways that are appropriate to specific local contexts. The order and detail in which they are taught are programming decisions.

Key questions

A framework for developing students’ civics and citizenship knowledge, understanding and skills at this year level is provided by the following key questions:

  • How is Australia’s democracy defined and shaped by the global context?
  • How are government policies shaped by Australia’s international legal obligations?
  • What are the features of a resilient democracy?

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Year 10 Content Descriptions

Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding
Government and democracy

The key features and values of Australia’s system of government compared with ONE other system of government in the Asia region (ACHCK090)

Australia’s roles and responsibilities at a global level, for example provision of foreign aid, peacekeeping, participation in international organisations and the United Nations (ACHCK091)

Laws and citizens

The role of the High Court, including in interpreting the Constitution (ACHCK092)

How Australia’s international legal obligations shape Australian law and government policies, including in relation to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (ACHCK093)

Civics and Citizenship Skills
Questioning and research

Identify, gather and sort information and ideas from a range of sources and reference as appropriate (ACHCS096)

Year 10 Achievement Standard

By the end of Year 10, students compare and evaluate the key features and values of systems of government, and analyse Australia’s global roles and responsibilities. They analyse the role of the High Court and explain how Australia’s international legal obligations influence law and government policy. Students evaluate a range of factors that sustain democratic societies.

When researching, students evaluate a range of questions to investigate Australia’s political and legal systems and critically analyse information gathered from different sources for relevance, reliability and omission. They account for and evaluate different interpretations and points of view on civics and citizenship issues. When planning for action, students take account of multiple perspectives and ambiguities, use democratic processes, and negotiate solutions to an issue. Students develop and present evidenced-based arguments incorporating different points of view on civics and citizenship issues. They use appropriate texts and subject-specific language and concepts. They evaluate ways they can be active and informed citizens in different contexts.

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